The family TURNICIDAE comprises seventeen Buttonquails in the genus Turnix; and one Quail-Plover in its own genus – Ortyxelos.

Family: TURNICIDAE (Gray 1840).

Genera:

  • Turnix – Greek; Abbreviation of Coturnix meaning quail (Bonnaterre 1791).
  • Ortyxelos –  Greek; ortux quail; helos marsh (Vieillot 1825).
  • Europe; Common Buttonquail.
  • Asia; Common, Red-backed, Yellow-legged, Spotted, Barred, Sumba, and Luzon Buttonquail.
  • Africa; Common, Black-rumped, Hottentot and Madagascar Buttonquail and Quail-Plover.
  • Australasia; Red-backed, Black-breasted, New Caledonia, Painted, Buff-breasted, Chestnut-backed, Red-chested and Little Buttonquail.
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T. s. sylvaticus (Desfontaines 1789)
T. s. lepurana (Smith 1836)
T. s. dussumier (Temminck 1828)
T. s. davidi (Delacour & Jabouille 1930)
T. s. whiteheadi (Ogilvie-Grant 1897)
T. s. bartelsorum (Neumann 1929)
T. s. nigrorum (DuPont 1976)
T. s. celestinoi (McGregor 1907)
T. s. suluensis (Mearns 1905)

T. m. beccarii (Salvadori 1875)
T. m. kinneari (Neumann 1939)
T. m. obiensis (Sutter 1955)
T. m. floresianus (Sutter 1955)
T. m. sumbanus (Sutter 1955)
T. m. savuensis (Sutter 1955)
T. m. maculosus (Temminck 1815)
T. m. saturatus (Forbes 1882)
T. m. furvus (Parkes 1949)
T. m. giluwensis (Sims 1954)
T. m. horsbrughi (Ingram 1909
T. m. mayri (Sutter 1955)
T. m. salomonis (Mayr 1938)
T. m. melanotus (Gould 1837)

T. t. tanki (Blyth 1843)
T. t. blanfordii (Blyth 1863)

T. o. benguetensis (Parkes 1968)
T. o. ocellatus (Scopoli 1786)

T. s. taigoor (Sykes 1832)
T. s. bengalensis (Blyth 1852)
T. s. plumbipes (Hodgson 1837)
T. s. leggei (Baker 1920)
T. s. okinavensis (Phillips 1947)
T. s. rostratus (Swinhoe 1865)
T. s. blakistoni (Swinhoe 1871)
T. s. pallescens (Robinson & Baker 1928)
T. s. thai (Deignan 1946)
T. s. atrogularis (Eyton 1839)
T. s. suscitator (J. F. Gmelin 1789) 
T. s. fasciatus (Temminck 1815)
T. s. haynaldi (A. W. H. Blasius 1888)
T. s. nigrescens (Tweeddale 1878)
T. s. rufilatus (Wallace 1865)
T. s. powelli (Guillemard 1885)

T. v. varius (Latham 1801)
T. v. novaecaledoniae (Ogilvie-Grant, 1889)
T. v. scintillans (Gould 1845)

Until recently the Buttonquails have been considered part of the order Gruiformes but studies showed that they are more closely related to waders and so were moved to the Charadriiformes.
  • BirdLife International: IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from <a href=”http://www.birdlife.org” target=”_blank” rel=”noopener noreferrer”>http://www.birdlife.org</a> on 26/03/2020
  • del Hoyo, Josep, Andrew Elliot &amp; Jordi Sargatal: Handbook of the Birds of the World – Vol. 3 (1996)
  • Hayman, Peter, John Marchant &amp; Tony Prater: Shorebirds – An identification guide to the waders of the world (1986)
  • Jobling, James A.: Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names (2010)
  • Seebohm, Henry: The Geographical Distribution of the Family Charadriidae, or, The Plovers, Sandpipers, Snipes, and Their Allies (1888)

 

 

Buttonquails
BARRED BUTTONQUAIL – Least Concern
Buttonquails
BLACK-BREASTED BUTTONQUAIL – Near Threatened

 

Buttonquails
BLACK-RUMPED BUTTONQUAIL – Least Concern

 

Buttonquails
BUFF-BREASTED BUTTONQUAIL – Endangered

 

CHESTNUT-BACKED BUTTONQUAIL – Least Concern
Buttonquails
COMMON BUTTONQUAIL – Least Concern
Buttonquails
HOTTENTOT BUTTONQUAIL – Endangered

 

Buttonquails
LITTLE BUTTONQUAIL – Least Concern

 

LUZON BUTTONQUAIL – Data deficient

Buttonquails
MADAGASCAN BUTTONQUAIL – Least Concern
NEW CALEDONIAN BUTTONQUAIL – Critically Endangered

 

Buttonquails
PAINTED BUTTONQUAIL – Least Concern

 

Buttonquails
RED-BACKED BUTTONQUAIL – Least Concern

RED-CHESTED BUTTONQUAIL – Least Concern

 

Buttonquails
SPOTTED BUTTONQUAIL – Least Concern

 

SUMBA BUTTONQUAIL – Vulnerable
YELLOW-LEGGED BUTTONQUAIL – Least Concern
Buttonquails
QUAIL-PLOVER – Least Concern