Family: GLAREOLIDAE (Brehm 1831)

Genera: There are five genera in this family, three are coursers Cursorius, Smutsornis and Rhinoptilus and two are pratincoles Stiltia and Glareola.

Cursorius – Latin; cursorius courier, runner (currere to run) (Latham 1790).
Rhinoptilus – Greek; rhis nostrils; ptilon feather (Strickland 1852).
Stiltia – Middle English stilte stilts.(G. R. Gray 1855).
Glareola – Latin; diminutive of glarea gravel (Brisson 1760).

Tropical regions in old world, absent from the Americas.

  • Europe: Collared Pratincole and Black-winged Pratincole.
  • Africa: Cream-coloured Courser, Somali Courser, Burchell’s Courser, Temminck’s Courser, Double-banded Courser, Three-banded Courser, Bronze-winged Courser, Collared Pratincole and Black-winged Pratincole. Madagascar Pratincole, Rock Pratincole and Grey Pratincole.
  • Asia: Cream-coloured Courser, Indian Courser, Jerdon’s Courser, Collared Pratincole, Oriental Pratincole and Small Pratincole.
  • Australasia: Australian Pratincole and Oriental Pratincole.
Seventeen species comprising nine coursers and eight pratincoles.

Subfamily Cursoriinae

∗ C. c. cursor (Latham 1787)
∗ C. c. bogolubovi (Zarundy 1885)
∗ C. c. exsul (Hartert 1920)

C. s. somalensis (Shelley 1885)
C. s. littoralis (Erlanger 1905)

C. t. temminckii (Swainson 1822)
C. t. ruvanensisi (Mádarasz 1915)
C. t. aridus (Clancey 1989)

R. a. africanus (Temminck 1807)
R. a. raffertyi (Mearns 1915)
R. a. hartingi (Sharpe 1893)
R. a. gracilis (Fischer & Reichenow 1884)
R. a. bisignatus (Hartlaub 1865)
R. a. traylori (Irwin 1963)
R. a. sharpei (Erlanger 1905)
R. a. granti (W. L. Sclater1921)

R. c. cinctus (Heuglin 1863)
R. c. emini (P. L. Sclater 1857)
R. c. seebohmi (Sharpe 1893)

Subfamily Glareolinae

G. n. nuchalis (G. R. Gray 1849)
G. n. liberiae (Schlegel 1881)

  • Some authorities have subsumed all coursers into Cursorius..
  • Somali Courser was formerly considered to be two subspecies within Cream-coloured Courser.
  • Smutsornis originally included in Cursorius and sometimes monotypic now subsumed into Rhinoptilus; also has been placed in Hemerodromus.
Extant:

Extinct:

  • Boutersemia belgica (Mayr and Smith 2001) Early Oligocene of Belgium.
  • Boutersemia parvula (Mayr and Smith 2001) Early Oligocene of Belgium.
  • Paractiornis perpusillus (Wetmore, 1930) Early Miocene of Nebraska.
  • Mioglareola dolnicensis (Švec, 1980) Early Miocene of the Czech Republic.
  • Mioglareola gregaria (Ballmann, 1979) Early Miocene of the Czech Republic and Middle Miocene of Germany.
  • Glareola neogena (Ballmann, 1979) Middle Miocene of Germany.
  • “Gallinago” veterior (Jánossy, 1979) Early Pliocene of Hungary.
  • G. †Boutersemia (Mayr and Smith 2001).
  • †Boutersemia belgica (Mayr and Smith 2001).
  • †Boutersemia parvula (Mayr and Smith 2001).
BirdLife International: IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/03/2020
del Hoyo, Josep, Andrew Elliot & Jordi Sargatal: Handbook of the Birds of the World – Vol. 3 (1996)
Hayman, Peter, John Marchant & Tony Prater: Shorebirds – An identification guide to the waders of the world (1986)
Jobling, James A.: Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names (2010)
Seebohm, Henry: The Geographical Distribution of the Family Charadriidae, or, The Plovers, Sandpipers, Snipes, and Their Allies (1888)
Wikipedia: List of fossil bird genera https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_fossil_bird_genera#Charadriiformes
Click on an image for more information about the individual species.

Coursers genus Cursorius

BURCHELL’S COURSER – Least Concern
Coursers and Pratincoles
CREAM-COLOURED COURSER – Least Concern
Coursers and Pratincoles
INDIAN COURSER – Least Concern

SOMALI COURSER – Least Concern
Coursers and Pratincoles
TEMMINCK’S COURSER – Least Concern

Coursers genus Rhinoptilus

DOUBLE-BANDED COURSER – Least Concern

BRONZE-WINGED COURSER – Least Concern
JERDON’S COURSER – Critically Endangered

Three-banded Courser
THREE-BANDED COURSER – Least Concern

Pratincoles genus Stiltia

Coursers and Pratincoles
AUSTRALIAN PRATINCOLE – Least Concern

Pratincoles genus Glareola

Black-winged Pratincole
BLACK-WINGED PRATINCOLE – Near Threatened
Coursers and Pratincoles
COLLARED PRATINCOLE – Least Concern
Grey Pratincole
GREY PRATINCOLE – Least Concern
Coursers and Pratincoles
MADAGASCAN PRATINCOLE – Vulnerable
Coursers and Pratincoles
ORIENTAL PRATINCOLE – Least Concern
Coursers and Pratincoles
ROCK PRATINCOLE – Least Concern
Coursers and Pratincoles
SMALL PRATINCOLE – Least Concern