Family: HAEMATOPODIDAE (Bonaparte 1838)

Genus: Haematopus – Latin; haematopus bloodfoot – from the Greek; haima blood; pous foot (Linnaeus 1758).

Europe: Eurasian Oystercatcher.
Africa: African, Canary Islands and Eurasian Oystercatchers.
Asia: Eurasian Oystercatcher.
Australasia: Pied, Sooty, South Island Pied, Variable and Chatham Oystercatchers.
North America: American Oystercatcher and Black Oystercatcher.
Central and South America: American Oystercatcher, Magellanic Oystercatcher, Blackish Oystercatcher and Black Oystercatcher.

One genus Haematopus of twelve species. Six species are black-and-white, five species are all black and one species is variable between the two.

H. o. ostralegus (Linnaeus 1758)
H. o. longipes (Buturlin 1910)
H. o. osculans (Swinhoe 1872)
H. o. burturlini (Dementiev 1941)

H. p. palliatus (Temminck 1820)
H. p. galapagensis (Ridgway 1886)

H. f. fuligonosus (Gould 1845)
H. f. opthalmicus (Castelnau & Ramsay 1877)

Two forms no longer valid;
1) ‘Frazar’s Oystercatcher’: H. frazari (Brewster, 1888) – 3 specimens to the north of La Paz on the gulf of California, Mexico. Probably a hybrid swarm, some authorities consider it a subspecies of H. palliatus. Proposed subspecies durnfordi and pitanay are also considered doubtful for the same reasons.
2) ‘Northern Oystercatcher’: H. reischeki (Rothschild 1899), New Zealand. Mixed plumage Variable Oystercatchers were given the specific name H. reischeki but there existed, then, a third taxon which was called ‘Black Oystercatcher’ H. unicolor which was thought to be separate from the black versions of the Variable Oystercatcher as it was more glossy in appearance.
1) Canary Islands Oystercatcher H. meadewoldoi now thought by some authorities to possibly be a colour morph of Eurasian Oystercatcher.
2) ‘Galapagos Oystercatcher’ H. p. galapagensis possibly distinct species (currently subspecies of H. palliatus).
3) Sooty Oystercatcher could be two species, the northern form being split as ‘Spectacled Oystercatcher’ H. opthalmicus (Castelnau & Ramsay 1877).

BirdLife International: IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/03/2020
del Hoyo, Josep, Andrew Elliot & Jordi Sargatal: Handbook of the Birds of the World – Vol. 3 (1996)
Hayman, Peter, John Marchant & Tony Prater: Shorebirds – An identification guide to the waders of the world (1986)
Jobling, James A.: Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names (2010)
Seebohm, Henry: The Geographical Distribution of the Family Charadriidae, or, The Plovers, Sandpipers, Snipes, and Their Allies (1888)

 

Click on an image below for more information about the individual species.

Oystercatchers - African Oystercatcher
 AFRICAN OYSTERCATCHER – Least Concern
Oystercatchers - American Oystercatcher
 AMERICAN OYSTERCATCHER – Least Concern
Oystercatchers - Black Oystercatcher
 BLACK OYSTERCATCHER – Least Concern
Oystercatchers - Blackish Oystercatcher
BLACKISH OYSTERCATCHER – Least Concern
Oystercatchers - Canary Island Oystercatcher
 CANARY ISLAND OYSTERCATCHERExtinct
Chatham Oystercatcher
 CHATHAM OYSTERCATCHER – Endangered
Oystercatchers - Eurasian Oystercatcher
EURASIAN OYSTERCATCHER – Near Threatened
Oystercatchers - Magellanic Oystercatchers
MAGELLANIC OYSTERCATCHER – Least Concern
Oystercatchers - Pied Oystercatcher
 PIED OYSTERCATCHER – Least Concern
Oystercatchers - Sooty Oystercatcher
SOOTY OYSTERCATCHER – Least Concern
Oystercatchers - South Island Pied Oystercatcher
SOUTH ISLAND PIED OYSTERCATCHER – Least Concern
Oystercatchers - Variable Oystercatcher
 VARIABLE OYSTERCATCHER – Least Concern