Family: ROSTRATULIDAE (Ridgway 1919)

Genera: Two genera.

  • Rostratula – Diminutive of Latin rostratus beaked, large-billed (rostrum bill) (Vieillot 1816).
  • Nycticryphes – Greek; nukti– nocturnal, night-; kruphe – in secret (Wetmore and J. L. Peters 1923).
  • Africa: Greater Painted-Snipe.
  • Asia: Greater Painted-Snipe.
  • Australasia: Australian Painted-Snipe.
  • South America: South American Painted-Snipe.
Three species. Painted-snipes are closely related to jacanas and are commonly placed in a superfamily with them called Jacanoidea.

Has been very confusing due to this families apparent affinities to other groups such as rails and true snipes.

  • Australian Painted-Snipe formerly considered a full species but then lumped as a subspecies of Greater Painted-Snipe. More recently has been re-split as a full species again due to DNA analysis.
  • South American Painted-Snipe sometimes lumped with Greater Painted Snipe.
  • BirdLife International: IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/03/2020
  • del Hoyo, Josep, Andrew Elliot & Jordi Sargatal: Handbook of the Birds of the World – Vol. 3 (1996)
  • Hayman, Peter, John Marchant & Tony Prater: Shorebirds – An identification guide to the waders of the world (1986)
  • Jobling, James A.: Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names (2010)
  • Seebohm, Henry: The Geographical Distribution of the Family Charadriidae, or, The Plovers, Sandpipers, Snipes, and Their Allies (1888)

Click on an image for more information about the individual species.

Painted-snipes
AUSTRALIAN PAINTED-SNIPE – Endangered

Painted-snipes - Greater Painted-snipe
GREATER PAINTED-SNIPE – Least Concern

Painted-snipes - South American Painted-snipe
SOUTH AMERICAN PAINTED-SNIPE – Least Concern