The family, SCOLOPACIDAE, is made up of sixteen genera split between seven subfamilies. Subfamily SCOLOPACINAE comprises Woodcocks in the genus Scolopax, GALLINAGININAE Snipes in the genera Coenocorypha, Lymnocryptes and Gallinago and the Dowitchers in the genus Limnodromus. There are thirty-four species in the subfamily, eight woodcocks, twenty-three snipes and three dowitchers.

Family: SCOLOPACIDAE (Rafinesque 1815)

Subfamily: SCOLOPACINAE

Genus:

  • Scolopax – Latin; scolopax snipe, woodcock, derived from Greek; askalopas Woodcock. (Linnaeus 1758).

Subfamily: GALLINAGININAE

Genera:

  • Coenocorypha – Latin; coenum mud, slime; coryphaeus leader, derived from Greek; koruphaios chief (Gray 1855).
  • Lymnocryptes – Greek; limne marsh; kruptos hidden (krupto to conceal)  (Boie 1826).
  • Gallinago – Modern Latin; gallinago woodcock snipe, derived from Latin; gallina hen; ago resembling (Brisson Brisson 1760).
  •  Limnodromus – Greek; Limne marsh, -dromos -racer, -runner (Wied 1833)
  • Europe: Eurasian Woodcock, Jack, Great and Common Snipe.
  • Africa: Eurasian Woodcock, African, Madagascar, Great and Common Snipe.
  • Asia: Eurasian, Amami, Javan, New Guinea, Bukidnon, Sulawesi and Moluccan Woodcock, Solitary, Latham’s, Wood and Pintail Snipe, Asian Dowitcher.
  • Australasia: Javan Woodcock, Chatham, Snares, Auckland, North Island, South Island, Latham’s and Swinhoe’s Snipe.
  • North America; American Woodcock, Wilson’s Snipe, Short-billed and Long-billed Dowitcher.
  • Central and South America: South American, Noble, Giant, Fuegian, Andean and Imperial Snipe.

S. c. celebensis (Riley 1921)
S. c. heinrichi (Stresemann 1932)

C. a. aucklandica (‘Gallinago aucklandica’ Gray 1845)
C. a. meinertzhagenae (Rothschild 1927)
C. a. perseverence (Miskelly & Baker 2010)

G. s. solitaria Hodgson, 1831
G. s. japonica (Bonaparte, 1856)

G. n. nigripennis (Bonaparte 1839)
G. n. aequatorialis (Rüppell 1845)
G. n. angolensis (Bocage 1868)

G. g. gallinago (Linnaeus 1758)
G. g. faeroeensis (Brehm 1831)

G. p. paraguaiae (Vieillot 1816)
G. p. magellanica (King 1828)

G. a. andina Taczanowski, 1875
G. a. innotata (Hellmayr, 1932)

G. u. undulata (Boddaert 1783)
G. u. gigantea (Temminck 1826)

L. g. caurinus (Pitelka 1950)
L. g. hendersoni (Rowan 1932)
L. g. griseus (Gmelin 1789)

Extant species

  • Scolopax rusticola magnus (Potapova 1990)

Extinct species

  • Scolopax baranensis (fossil, Early Pliocene of Hungary – may not be valid) (Jánossy 1979)
  • Scolopax carmesinae (fossil, Early/Middle Pliocene? of Menorca, Mediterranean) (Seguí 1999)
  • Scolopax hutchensi (fossil, Late Pliocene – Early Pleistocene of Florida, USA) (Emslie 1998)
  • Scolopax anthonyi (prehistoric) (Wetmore 1920)
  • Scolopax brachycarpa (subfossil, Holocene of Haiti) (Takano & Steadman 2015)
  • BirdLife International: IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/03/2020
  • del Hoyo, Josep, Andrew Elliot & Jordi Sargatal: Handbook of the Birds of the World – Vol. 3 (1996)
  • Hayman, Peter, John Marchant & Tony Prater: Shorebirds – An identification guide to the waders of the world (1986)
  • Jobling, James A.: Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names (2010)
  • Seebohm, Henry: The Geographical Distribution of the Family Charadriidae, or, The Plovers, Sandpipers, Snipes, and Their Allies (1888)

Click on an image for more information about the individual species.

Woodcocks; genus Scolopax

Amami Woodcock
AMAMI WOODCOCK – Vulnerable
AMERICAN WOODCOCK – Least Concern
BUKIDNON WOODCOCK – Least Concern

 

EURASIAN WOODCOCK – Least Concern
JAVAN WOODCOCK – Near Threatened
MOLUCCAN WOODCOCK – Endangered
NEW GUINEA WOODCOCK – Least Concern
SULAWESI WOODCOCK – Near Threatened

New Zealand Snipes: genus Coenocorypha

Snipes and Dowitchers
CHATHAM SNIPE – Vulnerable
Snipes and Dowitchers
NORTH ISLAND SNIPEExtinct
Snipes and Dowitchers
SNARES SNIPE – Near Threatened

Snipes and Dowitchers
SOUTH ISLAND SNIPEExtinct
SUBANTARCTIC SNIPE – Near Threatened

Jack Snipe: genus Lymnocrytes

Snipes and Dowitchers
JACK SNIPE – Least Concern

Typical Snipes: genus Gallinago

Snipes and Dowitchers
AFRICAN SNIPE – Least Concern
ANDEAN SNIPE – Least Concern
Snipes and Dowitchers
COMMON SNIPE – Least Concern
Snipes and Dowitchers
FUEGIAN SNIPE – Near Threatened
Snipes and Dowitchers
GIANT SNIPE – Least Concern
Snipes and Dowitchers
GREAT SNIPE – Near Threatened
IMPERIAL SNIPE – Near Threatened
Snipes and Dowitchers
LATHAM’S SNIPE – Least Concern
Snipes and Dowitchers
MADAGASCAN SNIPE –  Vulnerable
Snipes and Dowitchers
NOBLE SNIPE – Near Threatened
Snipes and Dowitchers
PIN-TAILED SNIPE – Least Concern
Snipes and Dowitchers
PUNA SNIPE – Least Concern
SOLITARY SNIPE – Least Concern
Snipes and Dowitchers
SOUTH AMERICAN SNIPE – Least Concern
Snipes and Dowitchers
SWINHOE’S SNIPE – Least Concern
Snipes and Dowitchers
WILSON’S SNIPE – Least Concern
WOOD SNIPE – Vulnerable

Dowitchers: genus Limnodromus

Snipes and Dowitchers
ASIAN DOWITCHER – Near Threatened
Snipes and Dowitchers
LONG-BILLED DOWITCHER – Least Concern
Snipes and Dowitchers -
SHORT-BILLED DOWITCHER – Least Concern