The family Charadriidae is very large with seventy species listed and is split into subfamilies.
The subfamily Charadriinae contains forty-four species of the genera Pluvialis (4), Charadrius (34), Elseyornis (1), Thinornis (2), Anarhynchus (1), Phegornis (1), and Oreopholus (1). We have further divided this group into three sections. Section 1, the Tundra Plovers of the Genus Pluvialis, which appear on this page.
Family: CHARADRIIDAE (Leach 1820)
Subfamily: CHARADRIINAE (Leach 1820) Pt.1 The Tundra Plovers.
Genera: Four species in a single genus Pluvialis – Latin: pluvialis relating to rain (pluvia rain). (Brisson 1760)
- Europe: European Golden Plover, Grey Plover.
- Africa: Pacific Golden Plover and Grey Plover.
- Asia: European Golden Plover, Pacific Golden Plover and Grey Plover.
- Australasia: Pacific Golden Plover and Grey Plover.
- North America: American Golden plover, Pacific Golden Plover and Grey Plover.
- Central and South America: American Golden Plover and Grey Plover.
- European Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria (Linnaeus 1758)
- Pacific Golden Plover P. fulva (Gmelin 1789)
- American Golden Plover P. dominica (Müller 1776)
- Grey Plover P. squatarola (Linnaeus 1758)
: Previously the American and Pacific Golden plovers were lumped together as subspecies of Lesser Golden Plover as P. fulva fulva and P. f. dominica.
del Hoyo, Josep, Andrew Elliot & Jordi Sargatal: Handbook of the Birds of the World – Vol. 3 (1996)
Hayman, Peter, John Marchant & Tony Prater: Shorebirds – An identification guide to the waders of the world (1986)
Jobling, James A.: Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names (2010)
Seebohm, Henry: The Geographical Distribution of the Family Charadriidae, or, The Plovers, Sandpipers, Snipes, and Their Allies (1888)
Click on an image for more information about the individual species.