The family, SCOLOPACIDAE, is made up of sixteen genera split between seven subfamilies. This page covers the subfamily ARENARIINAE.

Family: SCOLOPACIDAE (Rafinesque 1815)

Subfamily: ARENARIINAE

Genus: Arenaria – Latin; arenarius relating to sand (arena sand) (Brisson 1758).

  • Europe; Ruddy Turnstone.
  • Asia; Ruddy Turnstone.
  • Africa; Ruddy Turnstone.
  • Australasia; Ruddy Turnstone.
  • North America; Ruddy and Black Turnstone.
  • Central and South America; Ruddy and Black Turnstone.
Two species within the subfamily ARENARIINAE both of the genus Arenaria.

A. i. interpres (Linnaeus, 1758)
A. i. morinella (Linnaeus, 1766)

  • BirdLife International: IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/03/2020
  • del Hoyo, Josep, Andrew Elliot & Jordi Sargatal: Handbook of the Birds of the World – Vol. 3 (1996)
  • Hayman, Peter, John Marchant & Tony Prater: Shorebirds – An identification guide to the waders of the world (1986)
  • Jobling, James A.: Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names (2010)
  • Seebohm, Henry: The Geographical Distribution of the Family Charadriidae, or, The Plovers, Sandpipers, Snipes, and Their Allies (1888)

Click on an image for more information about the individual species.

Turnstones
BLACK TURNSTONE – Least Concern

Turnstones
RUDDY TURNSTONE – Least Concern